The term obesity is an epidemic which is responsible to impact both the developing and under-developed countries. In US, there is an elevated prevalence across the lifespan comprising mainly of the younger population. The condition of obesity in preschoolers is considered to be of severe issue because of its adverse effects on the children’s psychosocial and physical well-beings along with its associated risk of obesity in later adulthood, adolescences, and childhood. Hence, the key determinant identification of obesity is critical to develop interventions in early life.
The endocrine, genetic, fetal conditions are known biological factors linked with the condition of obesity. Numerous other environmental factors include cultural context, healthy food choices access, parental level of education, as well as socioeconomic status that plays a critical role as a determinant of family lifestyles and home environment. Parents usually play an essential role in influencing the physical activity practices and eating habits of children.
Role Of Parents
The parents define obesity as a state which accompanies compromised mobility and severe physical impairment. They believe that the size of a child is inherited, and they might shed excess weight with age. The parents are of key importance to prevent the weight of their child. For the purpose of involving the parents to treat and prevent obesity and overweight in their children successfully is to gain awareness. To admit that their child is at a huge risk is considered to be one of a prerequisite for the motivation to act. The initial set to promote an individual healthy lifestyle and body weight among the preschool-aged children may be to build awareness amongst parents that the condition of obesity is a huge health care concern. Lack of direct evidence exist that can enhance the awareness of the parents to aid in preventing the obesity in school going children; however, evidence also indicate that it is responsible to prevent the risky overweight-increasing behaviours in these individuals.
Current studies are beneficial to identify the family structure relevance in developing early obesity during childhood. Moreover, few of the authors mainly focus on the perspectives of the community who attempt at determining the healthy lifestyles barriers. It is essential to identify the factors linked with the concern of parents to design the interventions that enhance suitable actions of parents. The child weight increases with the extent of the concern of their parents. Moreover, regardless of the BMI of a child, the capability of a parent to precisely assess the weight of a child and perceptions of the quality of life of the children are considered to be potential influence of parental concern.