Policies around social exclusion
During the early years of 1960’s, the Johnson administration in United States introduced Great Society initiatives, characterized by the establishment of new programs and policies as well as expansion of existing policies in order to consider and minimize the difficulties raised from poverty in the US. It was also indicated that poverty gives rise to the social exclusion, otherness and stigmatization in the individuals. In this regard, a number of policies were introduced in order to minimize the social exclusion among individuals in the community. Some of the examples are given below:
“The Legacy of Fragmented, Centrally Controlled Policies”
It emphasizes the complexities in social exclusion for those with mental disabilities, youth and children in poverty. This report involves three different perspectives in order to address the concerned issues. Firstly, it reviewed the brief past of three federal policies implemented to consider mental health disabilities as well as poverty in the society with respect to its influence over youth and children along with their respective families and communities. Secondly, it included the example of Baltimore, Maryland taking the grassroots, community driven approach for the consideration of issues children with disabilities and poverty indicating social exclusion. Thirdly, it has described the activities of one neighborhood in “Baltimore–Historic East Baltimore” by using a model of collaborative community driven, coordinated struggles to reconstruct the society in which all youth and children and their families, including the ones with mental disabilities, providing them broader opportunities in the community.
Federal Antipoverty Policies
Various federal government policies were also established in order to assist the living strategies of individuals with poverty, specifically a number of families from the groups of minority reside in middle as well as big sized cities. In order to analyze and indicate the influence and nature of such strategies, two basic policies or programs were selected including “public subsidized housing policies” and the “Job Corps” particular programmatic response for poor individuals that do not acquire appropriate skills to get employed in an organization.
Federal Public Housing Policy
The “Department of Housing and Urban Development” conducted an analysis in 1994 and introduced around 200 programs which expanded over time into new ones. It involved the grants funding for rehabilitation or construction of leasing housing units for the elderly, individuals and persons with mental or physical disabilities, and the families with low income.
Job Corps – Developing Job Skills
It was initiated as an entity of “the flurry of Great Society program development” in the year 1964. The Job Corps was a local strategy which provided adequate training to approximately 1.7 million young individuals from low income families with social, vocational, and academic skills they require for inclusion in further education, employment, etc.